RUE DE RIVOLI, near the Louvre, in Nazi occupied Paris. Giant Swastikas line the streets of the French capital. Paris fell to the Germans just weeks after the Nazis launched an invasion in 1940
In 20th century Europe the ones with a true passion for revolution were the Marxists, who in fact envisioned the tyranny of an ideological elite. The other great passion to sweep Europe was Fascism - another tyranny.
Europeans who have fought for democracy and true freedom have been a tiny minority. French resistance to the Nazi regime was in large part a myth, and most of them were Communists. A large percentage of Europeans were happy to submit. Even the Jews did not dare to fight. Not one of them thought of putting an end to the Nazi elite during one of their numerous public ceremonies.
Perhaps it is not in Europe's DNA to cherish political freedom enough to fight for it. For much of its history, after all, Europe has been ruled by kings, emperors, and other despots.
When Europe finally succumbs to Muslim majority and Muslim rule, Americans won't be there to bail them out. America is, as we speak, going down too, with a twice-elected Muslim-sympathizing president who is bringing hundreds of thousands of Muslims into the country. And in spite of Trump's popularity, the USA is too mired in political correctness to even save itself.
Continue reading and see how normal life continued in Paris under Nazi occupation. See also links to related articles
Positive: The Nazis were shown as integrated into Paris life in Zucca's pictures. Some historians say his work is too easily dismissed as propaganda, as it shows some truth
Bustling: Instead of war torn or repressed, Paris in Zucca's photographs is seen to be thriving with full shops and restaurants
Andre Zucca's series of photographs, such as these young women posing in unusual sunglasses, showed Parisians enjoying life under German rule
Woman chats with German officers.
Time for fashion
A young family enjoys some leisure time.
A day at the Zoo
Even the fierce polar bear seems lethargic and indifferent to the presence of a German soldier at the Paris zoo.
Show of force: Stern-looking soldiers from the Wehrmacht march down one of the city's broad boulevards, which in the minds of Parisians are more usually associated with strolling and leisurely enjoyment
Symbol of empire: A soldier and civilians mill around near Cleopatra's Needle in the Place de la Concorde, one of three obelisks taken from Egypt and re-erected in Paris, London and New York during the 19th Century
France under occupation. A Nazi solider walking freely with Parisians.
French and Germans having fun at an outdoor café.
A sunny day by the Seine.
Fat of the land: A wealthy looking man and woman ride in a cart pulled by two slim Parisians on a tandem bicycle.
Wealth and collaboration with the Nazis helped preserve life for a certain elite as thousands of French Jews were sent to the death camps
The mood is always relaxed.
Opposing ideologies: A sign advertises the Europe Against Bolshevism exhibition, held under the auspices of Nazi front organisation the anti-Bolshevik Action Committee in Paris in 1942
Another sign announcing the Europe Against Bolshevism Exhibition.
Marshal Philippe Pétain, a hero of the First World War who became the head of the Vichy government during the Nazi occupation, is the centrepiece in a shoe shop's window display. His government actively collaborated with persecution of the Jews
Life goes on: Parisians go about their business, walking down into a subway. The majority of Zucca's images show Paris as a thriving, lively city
Summer fun: A part of the Seine is pontooned off into a swimming pool, which is filled with hundreds of Parisians grabbing a chance to cool off in the summer heat
A walk in the park: Shot by Zucca for German propaganda magazine Signal, these pictures show a Paris that is in sharp contrast to the hardships commonly associated with Nazi rule
Latest fashion. Très chic.
(Quite a weapon too, when you think about it.)
Flames: This poster, which reads 'Assassins Always Return to the Scene of their Crime', shows heroic Joan of Arc kneeling in prayer, her hands manacled, while below her the town of Rouen burns.
The city was approximately 45 per cent destroyed by Allied bombing during the Second World War, when it was the location of the German navy HQ.
Joan d'Arc who led an army to fight the English invader, held great power in the French right wing pantheon of heroes.
No Joan d'Arc this happy Parisian girl
in a city occupied by German Nazis.
Youngsters sail boats: When exhibited in Paris in 2008, Bertrand Delanoë, leftist Mayor of Paris, ordered a notice to accompany the images stating that the pictures avoid the reality of occupation and its tragic aspects.
Boys sit on a park wall.
Too young to understand: Girls and boys play in what appear to be the early forerunners of rollerskates against the backdrop of the Eiffel Tower on central Paris's Champ de Mars
A flower seller. You can still see scenes such as this one in Paris.
'If you want to earn more... come to work in Germany': France under the collaborationist Vichy regime was the only Nazi-occupied country to pass laws forcing its citizens to go and work in Germany, which was short of manpower because of fighting in the east
'They give their blood - give your work to save Europe from Bolshevism': Another poster encourages French to travel to Germany for work by alluding to the threat from the Soviet Union and the sacrifice of German soldiers fighting on the Eastern Front
A car equipped to run on natural gas: With most petrol diverted to German forces to run their tanks, ships and planes, civilians were forced to find alternative sources of fuel for their vehicles
Needs must: Another car equipped to run on natural gas, with engine modifications making it almost appear like a souped-up Wacky Racer
Pensioners pass the time
Nazis shopping with other French customers.
Horse racing continues normally.
With camera and guidebook, these Nazis tour Paris.
Outside the world-famous Moulin Rouge cabaret.
The famous MAXIM, where the fun and good food never stopped.
French entertainers continued to entertain their German audience. Many famous names were tainted by collaboration.
An elegant woman steps from a bicycle taxi.
War to end all wars? Women in military uniforms look at a war memorial commemorating those killed in the First World War just over two decades earlier
Occupation headquarters: Guard posts stand outside a building the sign of which advertises it as an important spot for the occupying German army
Letting them know who's boss: Street signs advertise locations of German facilities in Paris, with their French names written in smaller text beneath.
One of the signs is for the Red Cross. The Red Cross collaborated with the Nazi regime everywhere, by hiding the extent of Jewish suffering at the Nazi concentration camps.
In the last days of the war and for months after it, the Red Cross and the Vatican worked independently to provide false ID cards to Nazi criminals fleeing Europe. The Vatican's routes of escape are known as THE RAT LINES.
German soldiers have their own cinema.
Getting what they can: Poorer looking Parisians at a down-at-heel street market. The curator of the exhibition five years ago said this collection were never published by Signal and were for Zucca's own use, perhaps accounting for the realistic depictions some show
A working class neighborhood.
The Jewish man on this picture has been forced to wear a Star of David. Marked for eventual deportation and death.
An elderly woman walks along the street wearing the yellow star which Nazis forced Jews to wear. More than 70,000 Jews were deported from occupied France to the death camps.
As a Jew in hiding, you had to be more afraid of being denounced by your fellow Frenchmen than of being caught by Nazi patrols.
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